Cornus florida

Cornus florida

Common Name:  Flowering dogwood

Family:  Cornaceae

Native Range:  Eastern North America

Zone: 5 to 9

Sun: Full sun to part shade

Flower: Blooms in early spring (April). The true dogwood flowers are tiny, yellow-green button-like clusters surrounded by 4 showy, white, petal-like bracts which open flat, giving the appearance of a single, large 3-4” diameter 4-petaled white flower.

Leaf:  Oval, dark green; smooth, wavy margin; turn shades of red in the fall.

Fruits: Bright red fruits mature in late summer to early fall and may persist until late winter. They are bitter and inedible to humans but loved by birds.

Deer:  Tolerant, but the foliage may be browsed by white-tailed dear

Notes: Prefers moist, organically rich, acidic soils in part shade; typically grows 15-30 feet tall; low branching. Suggested use as a flowering tree around homes, patios or in lawns. Attracts birds and butterflies. Susceptible to disease especially dogwood anthracnose, powdery mildew, leaf spot, canker, root rot, and leaf and twig blight. Stressed trees are vulnerable to borers. Potential insect pests include leaf miner and scale.

Reference:,  Missouri Botanical Garden

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